Tramadol and strong opioid synergistic or additive opioid effect?
Pain Pract. 2008 May-Jun;83214-5; author reply 215-6. doi 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2008.00193_1.x. Tramadol and strong opioid synergistic or additive opioid. Anesth Analg. 2000 Jun;9061411-4. The effects of tramadol and morphine on immune responses and pain after surgery in cancer patients. Sacerdote P1. Comparison studies have shown that people using Tramadol for opiate withdrawal. There are dangerous side effects of Tramadol that you should be aware of.
Effects of prolonged treatment with the opiate tramadol on. - NCBI
J Mol Neurosci. 2006;303341-7. Effects of prolonged treatment with the opiate tramadol on prodynorphin gene expression in rat CNS. Candeletti S1. Oct 22, 2014. Tramadol is a synthetic opiate. doctors have stopped me abruptly,After at least a year and honestly they could care less of the side effects.